On the positive side regarding the gig economy, the author of Squeezed: Why Our Families Can't Afford America mentions that an emerging alternative to companies like Uber and Instacart are platform co-ops (which are still relatively small):

Platform cooperative - Wikipedia

A platform cooperative, or platform co-op, is a cooperatively owned, democratically governed business that establishes a computing platform, and uses a website, mobile app or a protocol to facilitate the sale of goods and services. Platform cooperatives are an alternative to venture capital-funded platforms insofar as they are owned and governed by those who depend on them most—workers, users, and other relevant stakeholders.