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  1. #1
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    Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    Beyond Meat says its burgers are healthier than beef. Health experts aren't so sure
    by Sophia Harris, CBC News
    July 24, 2019

    Nutritionists say data doesn't exist yet to show that processed plant-based burger trumps meat


    Canadians are eating up U.S.-based Beyond Meat's plant-based burger. But is it better for you than beef? (Elizabeth Chorney-Booth)

    Canadians can't get enough of Beyond Meat's plant-based burger that's designed to taste just like beef.

    It has attracted not only vegetarians but also meat eaters such as Jim Allen, who recently dined on a Beyond Burger at A&W, believing it was the healthier choice.

    "I was quite eager to try it," said Allen, who lives in Toronto. "Everybody's saying get away from red meat and eat more plants."

    Canada's new food guide advises Canadians to consume less meat and eat more healthy plant-based protein foods such as beans and lentils.

    But does Beyond's burger qualify as a healthy protein alternative?

    Beyond Meat says yes. On its website, the California-based company markets its plant-based products as "better for you" options that don't come with the major health risks associated with certain kinds of meat.

    However, nutrition experts CBC News interviewed argue that there's no hard scientific data - at least not yet - to show that a processed plant-based patty trumps beef.

    "Where is their research saying that - that this is better than eating a small, portion-controlled, lean piece of meat?"said Toronto-based dietitian and nutritionist Rosie Schwartz.

    The Beyond Burger contains close to 20 ingredients, including refined coconut oil, pea protein isolate and flavouring. Schwartz says that qualifies it as a highly processed food - something that Canadians are advised to limit in their diet, along with processed and fatty meat.

    "When Health Canada says we should be choosing more plant-based protein alternatives, I believe they're talking about whole foods. They're not talking about ultra-processed foods," said Schwartz.

    Beyond Meat CEO weighs in
    Food scientist Ben Bohrer says when comparing a Beyond Burger with beef, the nutritional composition is fairly similar.

    A Beyond patty contains 270 calories, five grams of saturated fat and 390 milligrams of sodium. In comparison, Walmart's Great Value Beef Burger has 30 fewer calories and two more grams of saturated fat. It also has 300 mg less sodium, but it's not pre-seasoned like the Beyond patty.

    "They try to match ground beef as closely as they can," said Bohrer, a professor at the University of Guelph. "If you're doing that, then I don't know how you could say that there's advantages to the product that you've made."

    Beyond Meat CEO Ethan Brown argues such comparisons are too simplistic because they don't factor in the reported health risks - such as cancer and heart disease - that are associated with eating red and processed meat.


    Nutrition experts say there is no research showing a Beyond Burger is a healthier food choice compared to eating beef. (CBC)

    "The media has an obligation to get this stuff right," said Brown in a phone interview. "If consumers are reading these [news] pieces, and going away thinking they just as well might be eating red meat, that's not fair to them."

    As proof, Beyond Meat sent CBC News information on numerous health studies looking at the implications of eating meat.

    Research lacking
    The most recent study the company pointed to was published in June by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. It found that upping one's red meat intake - processed red meat, in particular - increased the risk of premature death.

    "I'm imploring people to please do their research," said Brown.

    "The health implications of red and processed meat really stretch far beyond saturated fat levels."

    Dr. Frank Hu, senior author of the Harvard study, says the research so far demonstrates that eating too much red meat, especially processed meat, can be harmful to one's health.

    "Replacing red meat with other sources of protein, especially plant-based protein food, can reduce [the] risk of chronic disease and premature death," said Hu, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard.

    But he said we don't yet have research showing that a processed plant-based burger is a healthier food choice.

    "Based on the data we have, we can make a prediction they're better," said Hu. "But this type of study hasn't been done yet to directly compare the health effects of the two types of burgers."

    Beyond Meat, however, is sticking to its claims.

    "Given the abundance of research clearly demonstrating the link between red and processed meat consumption and health risks, we stand firmly behind our belief that Beyond Meat products are an improvement nutritionally," Dariush Ajami, Beyond Meat's chief innovation officer, said in an email.

    He added that the Beyond burger also has the benefit of containing no cholesterol or animal-derived saturated fat, and is lower in saturated fat than burgers made from fattier cuts of beef.


    A&W's Beyond Meat burger, with bun and sauces, contains 1,110 milligrams of sodium. The restaurant chain says customers can modify their burgers to reduce the sodium. (A&W)

    As for customer Allen, he's decided that unless new research tells him otherwise, he'll continue to presume that Beyond's plant-based burger is healthier. However, he doesn't plan to purchase it again at a fast-food restaurant. That's because he discovered that once the bun and toppings are added, A&W's version has 1,110 milligrams of sodium.

    "I'm disappointed," said Allen, who's trying to cut down his sodium intake.

    Health Canada recommends that adults aim for about 1,500 mg of sodium daily and not exceed 2,300 mg.

    A&W told CBC News that customers can modify their burger to suit their dietary needs, such as swapping the bun for a lettuce wrap.

  2. #2
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    Re: Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    See this related story on regular beef brugers: Why is a Big Mac so much calories?

    The bun actually has more calories than the burger. The burger is 160 calories. Add in the bun and condiments and that increases to 540 calories for the Big Mac.

  3. #3
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    Re: Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    Or cut your burger in half and share it with a pack of dogs

  4. #4
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    Re: Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    Given that I have severely adverse reactions to legumes (and ... *weep* ...coconut) I won't be sampling plant-based alternatives. I can enjoy alternative foods for the flavour/satisfaction experience, but.
    My overall concern when it comes to this option is that an increasing number of people are developing food allergies. If I still had young kids, wanted to steer them in the direction of more healthful options, and didn't do my homework, I could potentially be setting them up for the many (very very) many difficulties I now face trying to get the nutrients I need from a limited range of foods to choose from.
    Just a thought or two
    BB

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    Re: Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    Actually, some ecent research suggests that the increased incidence of allergies in children is the result of a kind of "overprotection" - keeping them insulated from foods containing peanuts, for example - combined with over used of antibacterial products. In essence, as a society we are so concerned about our children developing allergies that we are preventing their young developing systems from learning how to accomodate an increasing array of food products.

  6. #6
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    Re: Are Beyond Meat burgers healthier than beef?

    Agree absolutely. IMO balance is key ... my concern is excess as opposed to restriction or total avoidance. When one totally removes certain foods and doubles down on a narrow range of options, trouble seems often to ensue.
    My own childhood diet was a multicultural banquet (glorious). I'll spare the details of my current dietary woes except to say that they arrived considerably later in life.
    BB

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