Restless Legs Syndrome
by Anne Thompson
(HealthDayNews) -- Restless legs syndrome is a movement disorder characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs. These sensations are worse while resting, sitting or lying down, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The disorder often runs in families.
People with RLS describe the sensations as pulling, drawing, crawling, tingling, pins and needles, prickly and sometimes painful sensations that usually come with an overwhelming urge to move the legs. Sudden muscle jerks also may occur. Movement provides temporary relief from the discomfort.
Treatment for restless legs syndrome can include massage and cold compresses. Medications such as temazepam, levodopa/carbidopa, bromocriptine, pergolide mesylate, oxycodone, propoxyphene and codeine also can help relieve symptoms, but many of these medications have side effects. Some research suggests that correcting an iron deficiency may improve symptoms for some patients.
Restless legs syndrome is a lifelong condition and there is no cure. Symptoms, which could include severe insomnia, can worsen with age.