More threads by David Baxter PhD

David Baxter PhD

Late Founder
Coping with Winter Depression: Tips for Managing Seasonal Affective Disorder

During the fall and winter months, some people suffer from symptoms of depression that can appear gradually or that come on all at once. These symptoms often dissipate when spring arrives and stay in remission through the summer months. Symptoms of depression that come during the colder months can be associated with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). This mood disorder is often attributed to the lack of light during the colder months of the year.

"SAD is a real mood disorder that requires diagnosis and may require treatment. If you regularly experience a significant, lasting, downturn of mood when the weather gets colder and daylight lessens then you should consider consulting a psychiatrist or other health professional to discuss your symptoms," says Douglas Jacobs, M.D., Executive Director of the nonprofit organization Screening for Mental Health and Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.

SAD has been linked to a biochemical imbalance in the brain brought on by the shortening of daylight hours and a lack of sunlight in winter. The most difficult months for SAD sufferers are January and February. Younger persons and women are thought to be at higher risk. There is also some evidence suggesting that the farther someone lives from the equator, the more likely they are to develop SAD.

Whereas the exact number of Americans suffering from SAD is not known, it is believed that between 10 and 20 percent of the U.S. population may suffer from mild symptoms associated with the disorder. These symptoms can include:
  • excessive sleeping, difficulty staying awake, overeating, and weight gain during the fall or winter months;
  • feelings of extreme fatigue, inability to maintain regular lifestyle schedule;
  • depression (feelings of sadness, loss of feelings, apathy) combined with irritability;
  • lack of interest in social interactions, losing interest in activities of enjoyment;
  • remission of symptoms in the spring and summer months. [/list:u] Those suffering from mild cases of SAD can benefit from additional exposure to the sun. This can include a long walk outside or arranging your home or office so that you are exposed to a window during the day. For many suffering from more severe cases of the condition, light therapy (phototherapy) has proven an effective treatment option. This form of therapy involves exposure to very bright light (usually from a special fluorescent lamp) for a few hours each day during the winter months. Additional relief has been found with psychotherapy sessions, and in some cases, prescription of antidepressants.

    "Getting screened and evaluated is a smart, sensible way to take care of your health and ensure that you can enjoy the pleasures of the season," says Jacobs. Symptoms of SAD can be confused with other medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism or viral infections like mononucleosis, so a proper evaluation by a medical professional is crucial.

    Read NAMI's Fact Sheet on Seasonal Affective Disorder.

    * Source: American Psychiatric Association Press Release, November 23, 2004
David Baxter said:
Coping with Winter Depression: Tips for Managing Seasonal Affective Disorder

Those suffering from mild cases of SAD can benefit from additional exposure to the sun.

The sun? Is that the bright circle thing that sometimes hangs around in the sky? I vaguely remember it. He he.

I was in the house yesterday and all of a sudden this weird thing happened and everything got really bright and I realized it was the sun shining. It was a shocking event I must say.

And today it's snowing so it was just teasing me.


David Baxter PhD

Late Founder
I think many people do suffer from milder versions of it -- that may explain why the favorite time of year to get away on vacations to sunny warm places is February (up here I mean).
David Baxter said:
I think many people do suffer from milder versions of it

I'm certain they do. I battled for many years with people telling me it was "just" the winter blues - and believe me, there's no "just" about it - but what is this "winter blues" that almost everyone gets at some point in their lives? Surely a large part of that can be attributed to mild SAD?

I also believe that a large number of people have the potential to suffer SAD, just not the conditions. My siblings and I all suffer it to varying degrees, as does our father - but it's never shown up in the family before he moved from Australia to England (he never displayed it in his teens, only after he married and settled here). I wonder if perhaps the whole family would suffer it, if they all came over here.
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