Can a person have a personality disorder as well as a schizophrenia?
I suppose many are possible. See personality disorders and schizophrenia - Google Search for some information as well as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision | BehavenetHeartArt said:What other personality disorders can people with schizophrenia have?
I'm not sure, exactly... as I said, I don't think it's uncommon but IO don't have statistics...How common are these personality disorders in people with schizophrenia?
Yes. Disorders like scizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, anxiety disorders, OCD, etc., are all known as Axis I diagnoses in the DSM multiaxial system. Recognizing that Axis I disorders can and often do coexist with personality disorders, DSM allows for coding personality disorders on Axis II (Axis III is used for medical conditions, illnesses, or injuries which may be affecting the Axis I diagnosis; Axis IV is for life events or problems like loss of employment or end of relationship or conflict with children that may affecy the Axis I condition; Axis V is used to estimate the GAF: "The overall level at which an individual functions includes social, occupational, academic, and other areas of personal performance and may be expressed as a numerical score.").Does the same apply to Bipolar?
That's a matter of some dispute (especially with respect to antisocial personality disorder) but most likely it is a combination of biological factors and experiential/developmental factors.What causes personality disorders?
I find the term personality disorder to be so.......negative. This is the only word I can think of right now but that does not quite fit either. I guess the way I see it is that people in general, see personality as a very important part of the person. To say someone has a personality disorder is like saying they have a soul disorder....to me. Would it not be better to actually give a name to these conditions and use them on the Axis 1?
In extreme cases (e.g., psychopathy, aka antisocial personality disorder), "soul disorder" isn't an innacurate description. But in most cases the word "disorder" is used because that's what it is... a personality profile/structure that is disordered to the point where it significantly interferes with effective personal and interpersonal functioning.I find the term personality disorder to be so.......negative. This is the only word I can think of right now but that does not quite fit either. I guess the way I see it is that people in general, see personality as a very important part of the person. To say someone has a personality disorder is like saying they have a soul disorder....to me.
No... they differ in type, quality, degree of interference, etc. And placing them on a separate Axis emphasizes that a personality disorder can co-exist with an Axis I disorder.Would it not be better to actually give a name to these conditions and use them on the Axis 1?
It develops over time, typically with early evidence in childhood and obvious disturrbance of functioning by adolescence. However, in children and adolescents, a personality disorder is not diagnosed, though it may be described as a conduct disorder. The point is that during those years the personality is still forming so things may change. The diagnosis of a personality disorder requires that the symptoms are durable (persist over time) and that the individual be at least 18 years of age with symptoms appearing prior to that time.Does a personality disorder just suddenly develop or is there a lifetime of some of the behaviours, then it changes at some point?