More threads by Retired

Retired

Member
American Academy of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry

Tic Disorders
No. 35; Updated July 2004


A tic is a problem in which a part of the body moves repeatedly, quickly, suddenly and uncontrollably. Tics can occur in any body part, such as the face, shoulders, hands or legs. They can be stopped voluntarily for brief periods. Sounds that are made involuntarily (such as throat clearing) are called vocal tics. Most tics are mild and hardly noticeable. However, in some cases they are frequent and severe, and can affect many areas of a child's life.

The most common tic disorder is called "transient tic disorder" and may affect up to 10 percent of children during the early school years. Teachers or others may notice the tics and wonder if the child is under stress or "nervous." Transient tics go away by themselves. Some may get worse with anxiety, tiredness, and some medications.

Some tics do not go away. Tics which last one year or more are called "chronic tics." Chronic tics affect less than one percent of children and may be related to a special, more unusual tic disorder called Tourette's Disorder.

Children with Tourette's Disorder have both body and vocal tics (throat clearing). Some tics disappear by early adulthood, and some continue. Children with Tourette's Disorder may also have problems with attention, and learning disabilities. They may act impulsively, and/or develop obsessions and compulsions.

Sometimes people with Tourette's Disorder may blurt out obscene words, insult others, or make obscene gestures or movements. They cannot control these sounds and movements and should not be blamed for them. Punishment by parents, teasing by classmates, and scolding by teachers will not help the child to control the tics but will hurt the child's self-esteem and increase their distress.

Through a comprehensive evaluation, often involving pediatric and/or neurologic consultation, a child and adolescent psychiatrist can determine whether a youngster has Tourette's Disorder or another tic disorder. Treatment for the child with a tic disorder may include medication to help control the symptoms. The child and adolescent psychiatrist can also advise the family about how to provide emotional support and the appropriate educational environment for the youngster.

Plwase visit the website of AACAP for further links to related disorders
 

Similar threads

Aripiprazole May Ameliorate Tic Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents NEW YORK (Reuters Health) Aug 23 - The atypical antipsychotic aripiprazole appears to be an efficacious and fairly well tolerated treatment for children and adolescents with tic disorders, according to findings published in the July issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. "Although the standard tic treatments haloperidol and pimozide are both effective in reducing tics, they cause diverse adverse effects...
Replies
0
Views
6K
Aripiprazole May Ameliorate Tic Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents August 23, 2007 NEW YORK (Reuters Health) -- The atypical antipsychotic aripiprazole appears to be an efficacious and fairly well tolerated treatment for children and adolescents with tic disorders, according to findings published in the July issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. "Although the standard tic treatments haloperidol and pimozide are both effective in reducing tics, they cause diverse adverse...
Replies
0
Views
2K
Behavioral therapy offered at Duke University Medical Center clinic helps control tics Since he was a young child, Tourette's syndrome made it difficult for Rick Shocket to cross a room. The disorder made him feel compelled to do a deep knee bend with nearly every step, leaving him exhausted by the end of the day. A myriad of tics included sniffs, coughs, yips, fidgets and twitches. But the nine-year-old from Cary has learned to control much of these problems with the help of behavioral...
Replies
0
Views
2K
Welcome to Psychlinks, Little Girl Blues, Have you ever talked to your doctor about your eye tics? Bear in mind that many family doctors do not have enough clinical experience with tics or movement disorders to make a diagnosis, and they sometimes mis judge tics as a "nervous habit" and dismiss the patient's concerns. If you have a good family doctor, s/he should refer you to a neurologist who specializes in movement disorders. For your own peace of mind, you may want to satisfy your...
Replies
1
Views
2K
Top